Penalty

The FIFA World Cup 2014 was the spark for this project.  In the year leading up to the event, Mandy Barker put out an international call for footballs found in the sea and on shorelines.

In just 4 months, people sent her a total of 992 marine debris balls. These originated from 144 different beaches in 41 different countries and islands.
The recovered footballs are presented against a black background to resemble the deep ocean.

Barker says, ‘The series title has a double meaning. In football, a penalty is a punishment for breaking a rule. In relation to my project, a penalty is the price we will pay if we do not look after our oceans by managing the over-consumption of plastic and becoming responsible for its disposal.’

To hear Barker talk about this series of work listen here:

The World from the series Penalty

SOUP: REFUSED

Ingredients; plastic oceanic debris affected by chewing and attempted ingestion by animals. Includes a toothpaste tube. Additives; teeth from goats.

SOUP: 500+

Ingredients; representing more than 500 pieces of plastic debris found in the digestive tract of a dead Albatross chick found in the North Pacific Gyre.

 

LIGHTER from the series HONG KONG SOUP: 1826

Ingredients: discarded cigarette lighters

Discarded cigarette lighters make reference to our single-use throw away society. The panda, a national emblem of China represents endangered species and faces away from the group symbolising mother nature turning its back on man’s inability to take ownership of its waste.


Click on the image for the full screen photo

Indefinite

Indefinite shows plastic objects, presented unwashed and unaltered, as they were found on the shore.

The forms and shapes might seem reminiscent of sea creatures, but are actually man-made from different plastics. As they gradually break down into microplastic particles, they are likely to be eaten by fish and birds.

Based on information sources from 2010, the images are captioned with the estimated time it takes for discarded plastics to degrade in the sea.

Barker says, ‘Since this series was created, new research by polymer scientists has found that, unless burned, all the plastic ever produced is still with us on the planet and is merely fragmenting into ever smaller pieces. We should now regard the degradation time for marine plastics to be indefinite.’

To hear more about this series from Barker listen here:

1 year, or indefinite?

1 year, or indefinite?

Nylon Rope Rope can become entangled around the necks and beaks of curious animals, causing death as they grow larger ...
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1 - 3 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

1 – 3 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

Plastic Bag A person uses a plastic bag for an average of 12 minutes before disposal. When a bag enters ...
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1 - 5 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

1 – 5 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

Clothing and material Swallowing marine litter mistaken for food can damage the digestive tract of marine animals and also result ...
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10 - 20 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

10 – 20 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

Plastic Bag Seams Almost half of all marine mammal species including seals, whales and porpoises have been found dead from ...
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30 - 40 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

30 – 40 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

Nylon Tangled giant underwater balls of nylon rope, netting and other plastic debris, sometimes weighing up to one ton roll ...
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30 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

30 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

PVC Corals are destroyed when discarded fishing equipment, such as overalls, gloves, damaged lobster pots and nets drag along the ...
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400 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

400 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

Plastics - Mixed Plastic never biodegrades, it merely breaks down into smaller fragments. These microplastic particles and fibres are found ...
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450 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

450 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

Plastic Bottle 90% of marine rubbish found on coastlines worldwide is related to single-use plastics; bottles, tops, straws, food packaging ...
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600 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

600 YEARS, OR INDEFINITE?

Monofilament and macrofilament fishing line Fishing line affects the mobility of aquatic animals, once entangled they struggle to eat, breathe ...
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INDEFINITE

INDEFINITE

Polystyrene  The most significant and alarming offender to impact on marine life. When released into the environment it will never ...
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